Host Plants – Rudbeckia family are
host plants for dozens of butterfly's caterpillars including: pearl
crescent, silvery checkerspot and wavy- lined emerald.
Nectar - Butterflies:Gulf Fritillaries, Eastern Tiger Swallowtails, blues and hairstreaks. As well as well
moths, skippers, wasps, skippers, flies and numerous other insects and bees and flies
Pollen - Bees and flies eat polllen
Deer - Are not fond of this plant
Birds - Goldfinches feasted on the seeds of this flower, late summer and throughout the fall.
For detailed information visit the Illinois Wildflower